A beautiful canva design of with the text 'Best Countries to Visit in Africa'. The text has photos of the Maasai, the pyramids of Egypt and the streets of Tripoli
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21 Best Countries to Visit in Africa: History, Culture, Adventure and More

A beautiful canva design of with the text 'Best Countries to Visit in Africa'. The text has photos of the Maasai, the pyramids of Egypt and the streets of Tripoli

Are you looking for a travel destination that is diverse, beautiful, and culturally rich? Look no further than Africa! With 54 countries and a population of over 1.3 billion, Africa is the second-largest continent in the world and offers a wide range of experiences for travelers. With its diverse landscapes ranging from Kenya’s breathtaking savannas to South Africa’s bustling cities, the continent offers an array of experiences for all.

So, if you’re ready to start planning your African adventure, where should you go? In this blog post, we’ll explore the best countries to visit in Africa, from the iconic safari destinations of Tanzania and Kenya to the vibrant cities of Morocco and South Africa. And if you are planning a trip to Europe, don’t miss our comprehensive Europe travel essentials guide.

Best Countries to Visit in Africa: Southern Africa

The southern part of Africa is known for its diverse landscapes, rich culture, and breathtaking natural wonders. With stunning deserts, majestic mountains, and renowned wildlife reserves, it offers a captivating experience. These are the top countries to visit in Southern Africa:

1: South Africa: The Rainbow Nation

photography of buildings beside seashore and mountain during daytime in  south Africa; one of the best countries to visit in Africa

South Africa is one of the best countries to visit in Africa for a reason. This region is best known for its stunning landscapes, wildlife, and cultural diversity. Here are the top places to include in your itinerary: 

  • Kruger National Park: This is one of the largest and most famous game reserves in Africa, and it hosts the Big Five (lion, leopard, elephant, rhino and buffalo), as well as other animals such as giraffes, zebras, cheetahs and hyenas. You can go on a safari by car, foot or air and enjoy the stunning scenery and wildlife.
  • Cape Town: This is the legislative capital and one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
    The city plays a crucial role in cementing South Africa’s place as one of the best countries to visit in Africa. It is located at the foot of Table Mountain, which offers panoramic views of the city and the ocean. You can visit the historic Robben Island, where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years. You can also enjoy the beaches, wineries and cultural attractions of Cape Town.
  • Johannesburg: This is the largest and most populous city in South Africa, and the economic hub of the country. It is also a city of contrasts, with modern skyscrapers and shopping malls alongside slums and informal settlements. You can visit the Apartheid Museum, which tells the story of South Africa’s racial segregation and oppression. You can also explore the vibrant neighbourhoods of Soweto, Maboneng and Sandton.
  • Durban: This is a coastal city on the Indian Ocean that has a warm and sunny climate all year round. It is a popular destination for beach lovers, surfers and water sports enthusiasts. It also has a rich cultural heritage, influenced by its Zulu, Indian and colonial roots. You can visit the uShaka Marine World, which is a theme park and aquarium that showcases marine life. You can also enjoy the spicy cuisine and nightlife of Durban.
  • Garden Route: This is a scenic route that stretches along the south-eastern coast of South Africa, from Mossel Bay to Storms River. It passes through lush forests, mountains, lakes and beaches. You can stop at various towns and attractions along the way, such as Knysna, Plettenberg Bay, Oudtshoorn and Tsitsikamma National Park.

2: Zambia: The Land of the Zambezi River

Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa that’s known for its national parks and wildlife. It takes its name from the Zambezi River, which flows through the country and forms its southern border.

The country is known for its natural beauty, cultural diversity and friendly people. Here are the best places to visit in Zambia: 

  • Victoria Falls: This is one of the largest and most spectacular waterfalls in the world, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can see the falls from both Zambia and Zimbabwe, and enjoy activities such as bungee jumping, rafting, kayaking and helicopter rides. You can also visit the nearby town of Livingstone, which has museums, markets and colonial buildings.
  • South Luangwa National Park: This park is known for its walking safaris, which allow you to get up close and personal with the wildlife. You can encounter a variety of magnificent wildlife such as elephants, lions, leopards, hippos and crocodiles. You can also enjoy the scenery of the Luangwa River valley, which has woodlands, grasslands and lagoons.
  • Lower Zambezi National Park: This park is located along the Zambezi River and is known for its canoe safaris and fishing. You can see animals such as elephants, buffaloes, zebras and antelopes along the river banks. You can also explore the park by boat, car or foot.
  • Lake Kariba: This is one of the largest man-made lakes in the world, created by the damming of the Zambezi River. You can relax on the lake shore, swim in the water, or take a boat cruise to see the islands and wildlife. You can also visit the Siavonga town, which has hotels and restaurants along the lake.
  • Lusaka: This is the capital and largest city of Zambia, located in the central part of the country. Lusaka is a modern and cosmopolitan city that offers a variety of attractions and activities. You can visit the Lusaka National Museum, which displays art and history of Zambia. You can also enjoy the shopping, dining and nightlife options in Lusaka.

     3: Botswana: The Land of the Okavango Delta

Photo of Gaborone Botswana. This is one of the best countries to visit in Africa

Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. It is known for its wildlife and stunning landscapes, making it one of the best countries to visit in Africa.

It is home to the Okavango Delta, which is one of the largest inland deltas in the world. Botswana has two official languages, English and Setswana and is known for its stable democracy, economic growth and social development. While in Botswana, be sure to explore these remarkable places: 

  • Okavango Delta: This is a vast wetland that is formed by the Okavango River, which flows into the Kalahari Desert and creates a unique ecosystem. Here, you can catch glimpses of iconic wildlife  such as elephants, lions, leopards, hippos and crocodiles. You can also enjoy activities such as canoeing, fishing and birdwatching.
  • Chobe National Park: This park is known for its large elephant population and is a great place for a safari. You can see animals such as buffaloes, zebras, giraffes and antelopes. You can also enjoy the scenery of the Chobe River, which attracts many animals and birds.
  • Moremi Game Reserve: This reserve is located in the Okavango Delta and is home to a wide range of wildlife, including lions, leopards, hyenas and wild dogs. You will enjoy thrilling wildlife experiences such as cheetahs, rhinos and sable antelopes. You can explore the reserve by car, boat or foot.
  • Kalahari Desert: This is one of the largest deserts in the world, covering most of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa. It has a diverse landscape of sand dunes, salt pans and grasslands. Prepare to encounter captivating wildlife such as meerkats, ostriches, and gemsboks. You can also visit the San people, who are the indigenous inhabitants of the desert.
  • Gaborone: This is the capital and largest city of Botswana, located in the southeast of the country. Gaborone is a modern and cosmopolitan city that offers a variety of attractions and activities. Don’t miss the opportunity to  visit the National Museum, which displays art and history of Botswana. You can also enjoy the shopping, dining and nightlife options in Gaborone.

4: Namibia: The Land of the Namib Desert

Tree desert- Namib Desert in Namibia. This is one of the best countries to visit in Africa

Namibia is a country that’s known for its stunning desert landscapes and unique wildlife. It’s home to the Namib Desert, which is one of the oldest deserts in the world.

Namibia has two official languages, English and Afrikaans. It is known for its diverse culture, history and adventure. These remarkable attractions place it firmly among the best countries to visit in Africa: 

  • Sossusvlei: This is a salt and clay pan surrounded by some of the highest sand dunes in the world. You can see the striking contrast of the red sand and the white pan, and enjoy the sunrise and sunset views. You can also visit the nearby Deadvlei, which has dead acacia trees against the backdrop of the dunes.
  • Etosha National Park: This park is known for its wildlife, including elephants, lions, rhinos and cheetahs. Prepare to witness a plethora of captivating wildlife congregating around the waterholes, especially during the dry season. You can also enjoy the scenery of the Etosha Pan, which is a large salt flat that covers almost a quarter of the park.
  • Swakopmund: This is a coastal town on the Atlantic Ocean that has a German colonial influence. It is known for its historic buildings, such as the lighthouse and the railway station. You can also enjoy the beaches, restaurants and shops of Swakopmund as well as various adventure activities, such as skydiving, quad biking and sandboarding.
  • Fish River Canyon: This is one of the largest canyons in the world, and a natural wonder of Namibia. It has  impressive rock formations and gorges carved by the Fish River over millions of years. You can also hike along the canyon rim or take a guided tour to the bottom of the canyon.
  • Windhoek: This is the capital and largest city of Namibia, located in the central part of the country. Windhoek is a modern and cosmopolitan city that offers a variety of attractions and activities. You can visit the National Museum, which displays art and history of Namibia, and enjoy the shopping, dining and nightlife options in Windhoek.

5: Mozambique: The Land of the Beautiful Beaches and Coral Reefs

man seating beside body of water in a beach in Mozambique; one of the best countries to visit in Africa

Mozambique is a country that’s known for its beautiful beaches and coral reefs. It’s located along the Indian Ocean and is a great place to go diving or snorkelling. This solidifies its place as one of the best countries to visit in Africa.  

Mozambique has one official language, Portuguese, and several other local languages. It is known for its rich culture, history and cuisine. Top places to visit in Mozambique include: 

  • Bazaruto Archipelago: This is a group of islands that’s known for its clear waters and white sand beaches. Get ready for incredible marine adventure with species such as dolphins, whales, turtles and dugongs. You can also enjoy activities such as sailing, fishing and kayaking.
  • Gorongosa National Park: This park is home to a wide range of wildlife, including lions, elephants, hippos and antelopes. Expect to see rare species such as wild dogs, sable antelopes and green-headed orioles. You can explore the park by car, boat or foot.
  • Ilha de Moçambique: This is a small island that was once the capital of Mozambique and a major trading port. This is home to historic buildings, such as the Fort of São Sebastião and the Palace of São Paulo. You can also visit the Museum of Sacred Art and the Chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte.
  • Tofo Beach: This is a popular beach destination that attracts surfers, divers and backpackers. You will enjoy amazing views of coral reefs and marine life, such as manta rays, whale sharks and humpback whales. You can also enjoy the nightlife, restaurants and bars of Tofo Beach.
  • Maputo: This is the capital and largest city of Mozambique, located in the south of the country. Maputo is a modern and cosmopolitan city that offers a variety of attractions and activities. You can visit the National Art Museum, which displays art and crafts from Mozambique. You can also enjoy the shopping, dining and music options in Maputo.

Overall, if you’re looking for a travel destination that has it all, you might want to consider the southern part of Africa.

This region is full of amazing experiences, from seeing wild animals on a safari, to exploring a vast desert, to relaxing on a beautiful beach. No matter what kind of adventure you’re into, you’ll find something to love in Southern Africa

Best Countries to Visit in Africa: Eastern Africa

If you are planning to visit Eastern Africa, you are in for a treat. This region of Africa is known for its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and vibrant cultures. Here are five countries in Eastern Africa that you should consider visiting:

1: Kenya: The Land of Safari and Adventure

people riding pickup truck taking photoin Maasai Mara, one of the best destinations to visit in Africa

Kenya is a country in East Africa that has a long and rich history and culture. It is one of the most diverse and dynamic countries in the continent, with over 40 ethnic groups and languages. The official languages are Swahili and English, but many people also speak other local languages. Kenya is known for its natural beauty and wildlife, as well as its vibrant cities and towns making it one of the best countries to visit in Africa. Some of the top attractions that makes Kenya stand out among the The city of Addis Ababa is significant administratively to the continent making Ethiopia one of the best countries to visit in Africa are:

  • Masai Mara National Reserve: This is one of the most famous and popular wildlife parks in the world, and the site of the annual wildebeest migration. You can see millions of animals crossing the Mara River in search of fresh grass. You can also see the Big Five (lion, leopard, elephant, rhino and buffalo), as well as other animals such as giraffes, zebras, cheetahs and hyenas. You can also visit the Maasai villages and learn about their culture and traditions.
Group of Maasai tribespeople showcasing their traditional attire while joyfully jumping. Maasai's are predominantly found in kenya, one of the best countries to visit in Africa
  • Nairobi: This is the capital and largest city of Kenya, located in the central highlands. Nairobi is a modern and cosmopolitan city that offers a variety of attractions and activities. You can visit the Nairobi National Park, which is the only park in the world where you can see wild animals against a backdrop of skyscrapers. You can also visit the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust, which rescues and rehabilitates orphaned elephants and rhinos. You can also enjoy the nightlife, shopping and dining options in Nairobi.
  • Lake Nakuru National Park: This park is located in the Great Rift Valley and is famous for its flamingos, which turn the lake pink when they gather in large numbers. The park also has other birds, such as pelicans, storks and eagles. You will also see wildlife such as lions, leopards, rhinos, buffaloes and baboons.
  • Mombasa: This is the second-largest city and the main port of Kenya, located on the Indian Ocean coast. Mombasa has a rich history and culture that reflects its Arab, Indian, Persian and African influences. You can explore the Old Town, which has narrow streets, mosques and markets. You can also visit Fort Jesus, which was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century. You can also enjoy the white sandy beaches, coral reefs and water sports of Mombasa’s coast.
  • Mount Kenya: This is Africa’s second-highest mountain and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can climb to the summit of Mount Kenya through different routes and experience different landscapes and climates along the way. You can also see wildlife such as elephants, monkeys and antelopes in the surrounding national park.

2: Rwanda: The Land of a Thousand Hills

Photo of Kigali in Rwanda

Rwanda is a landlocked country in Central Africa that lies on the eastern edge of the Great Rift Valley. It is one of the smallest countries in Africa, but also one of the most densely populated.

Rwanda is known for its scenic beauty and diverse wildlife, as well as its tragic history of genocide and civil war. Rwanda’s people are mostly Hutu and Tutsi, two ethnic groups that share a common language and culture. The official languages are Kinyarwanda, French, English and Swahili. So what solidifies Rwanda’s place as one of the The city of Addis Ababa is significant administratively to the continent making Ethiopia one of the best countries to visit in Africa?

  • Volcanoes National Park: This park is part of the Virunga Mountains, a chain of volcanoes that straddles the borders of Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The park is famous for being the home of the endangered mountain gorillas, which can be tracked and observed with a guide. The park also has other primates, such as golden monkeys and chimpanzees, as well as birds and plants.
  • Kigali: This is the capital and largest city of Rwanda, located in the centre of the country. Kigali is a modern and vibrant city that offers a variety of attractions and activities. You can visit the Kigali Genocide Memorial, which commemorates the victims of the 1994 genocide. You can also explore the Nyamirambo neighbourhood, which is known for its nightlife and culture. You can also enjoy the views of the city from the Mount Kigali lookout point.
  • Lake Kivu: This is one of the African Great Lakes and the largest lake in Rwanda. It lies on the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo and has a stunning landscape of hills and islands. You can relax on the sandy beaches, swim in the clear water, or take a boat ride to explore the lake. You can also visit the towns of Gisenyi and Kibuye, which have hotels and restaurants along the shore.
  • Nyungwe National Park: This park is one of the largest and oldest montane rainforests in Africa. It has a rich biodiversity of plants and animals, including more than 1,000 plant species, 300 bird species, and 13 primate species. You can hike through the forest trails, cross the canopy walkway, or join a guided tour to see chimpanzees, colobus monkeys, or other wildlife.
  • Akagera National Park: This park is located in the east of Rwanda and covers a savanna ecosystem that contrasts with the rest of the country. The park is named after the Akagera River, which forms part of its eastern boundary. The park has a variety of wildlife, such as lions, elephants, giraffes, zebras, hippos and crocodiles. You can go on a game drive, a boat safari or a birdwatching tour.

3: Tanzania:The Land of Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar

A section of the Map of Africa showing Tanzania

Tanzania is a country in East Africa that has a stunning natural and cultural diversity. It is the largest country in the region and covers more than 99 percent of the former states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

Tanzania is bordered by eight countries and the Indian Ocean, and has a varied geography that ranges from snow-capped mountains to tropical islands. Tanzania’s people are friendly and hospitable, with over 100 ethnic groups and languages. The official languages are Swahili and English, but many people also speak Arabic and other local languages. Let’s discuss a number of places that make Tanzania rank as one of the The city of Addis Ababa is significant administratively to the continent making Ethiopia one of the best countries to visit in Africa.

  • Mount Kilimanjaro: This is Africa’s highest mountain and one of the world’s most iconic peaks. You can climb to the summit of Kilimanjaro through different routes and experience different landscapes and climates along the way. You can also see wildlife such as elephants, monkeys and birds in the surrounding national park.
green trees near snow covered mountain during daytime in Mt. Kilimanjaro
  • Gaddafi Mosque: This is one of the largest mosques in Africa and a landmark of Dodoma, the capital city of Tanzania. You can admire the architecture and design of the mosque, which was built with the help of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. You can also learn about the history and culture of Islam in Tanzania.
  • Serengeti National Park: This is one of the most famous wildlife parks in the world and the site of the annual wildebeest migration. You can witness millions of animals moving across the plains in search of water and grass. You can also see predators such as lions, cheetahs and hyenas following the herds. The park also has other animals such as giraffes, zebras, elephants and rhinos.
  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area: This is a unique area that combines wildlife conservation and human development. You can visit the Ngorongoro Crater, which is the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera and home to thousands of animals. You can also interact with the Maasai people, who are nomadic pastoralists who live in harmony with nature.
  • Lake Victoria: This is Africa’s largest lake and the source of the Nile River. You can visit the lake’s shores and islands and enjoy fishing, boating and birdwatching. You can also learn about the local culture and history of the lake’s communities.

4: Ethiopia: The Cradle of Civilization

Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa that has a rich and diverse cultural heritage. It is one of the oldest countries in the world, dating back to the ancient kingdom of Aksum, which was founded in the first century AD. Ethiopia is also the birthplace of coffee and the origin of the Rastafari movement. Ethiopia’s people are proud of their history and traditions, which include the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, the Ge’ez script, and the unique calendar and clock system. Here are some of the best places to visit in Ethiopia:

  • Lalibela: This town is famous for its 11 rock-hewn churches, which were carved out of solid stone in the 12th and 13th centuries. The churches are considered to be among the wonders of the world and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can explore the intricate tunnels and chambers that connect the churches and admire the elaborate decorations and paintings inside.
Axum Lalibela in Ethiopia
  • Simien Mountains National Park: This park is home to some of the most spectacular landscapes and wildlife in Africa. You can hike along the escarpment and enjoy the views of jagged peaks, deep valleys and waterfalls. You can also see endemic animals such as the gelada monkey, the walia ibex and the Ethiopian wolf.
  • Aksum: This ancient city was once the capital of a powerful empire that spanned from Sudan to Yemen. You can visit the archaeological sites that reveal the glory of Aksum, such as the giant obelisks, the royal tombs, and the palace of the Queen of Sheba. You can also see the Chapel of the Tablet, which is said to house the Ark of the Covenant.
  • Gondar: This city was founded in the 17th century by Emperor Fasilides and became the seat of several Ethiopian kings. You can admire the impressive castles and palaces that make up the Royal Enclosure, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can also visit the Debre Birhan Selassie Church, which has a stunning ceiling covered with angel faces.
  • Addis Ababa: This city is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia, as well as the diplomatic hub of Africa. You can experience the vibrant culture and nightlife of Addis Ababa, as well as its historical and religious attractions. You can visit the National Museum, which displays ancient artefacts and fossils, including Lucy, a 3.2 million-year-old hominid skeleton. You can also see the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where Emperor Haile Selassie and his wife are buried. The city of Addis Ababa holds significant importance to the continent making Ethiopia one of the best countries to visit in Africa.

5: Uganda: The Pearl of Africa

high-angle photography of lake at the forest in Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa that boasts of diverse natural and cultural attractions. It is home to the source of the Nile, the world’s longest river, and Lake Victoria, the continent’s largest lake. Uganda also hosts more than half of the world’s remaining mountain gorillas, as well as other wildlife such as lions, elephants, chimpanzees and birds.

Ugandan people are friendly and hospitable, with over 70 languages and ethnic groups. The official languages are English and Swahili, but many people also speak Luganda and other local languages. Here are some of the top attractions in Uganda: 

  • Bwindi Impenetrable National Park: This UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the best places to see the endangered mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. You can trek through the dense forest with a guide and spend an hour observing these gentle giants. You may also encounter other primates, birds and butterflies along the way.
  • Murchison Falls National Park: This park is named after the spectacular Murchison Falls, where the Nile River squeezes through a narrow gorge and plunges 43 meters into a pool below. You can take a boat cruise to the base of the falls and see hippos, crocodiles and waterbirds. You can also go on a game drive and spot lions, giraffes, buffaloes and elephants.
  • Queen Elizabeth National Park: This park is famous for its tree-climbing lions, which can be seen resting on the branches of fig trees in the Ishasha sector. The park also has a variety of habitats, such as savanna, wetlands, forests and lakes. You can enjoy wildlife viewing, birdwatching, chimpanzee tracking and boat safaris on the Kazinga Channel.
  • Kibale National Park: This park is known as the primate capital of Africa, with 13 species of monkeys and apes living in its tropical forest. The main attraction is the chimpanzee tracking, where you can follow a group of habituated chimps and watch them play, feed and groom. You can also see other primates like red colobus, black-and-white colobus and grey-cheeked mangabey.
  • Jinja: This town is located at the source of the Nile River, where you can see a monument marking the spot where John Hanning Speke first discovered it in 1862. Jinja is also a hub for adventure activities, such as white-water rafting, kayaking, bungee jumping and quad biking. You can also visit the nearby Bujagali Falls and Sezibwa Falls for scenic views.

Best Countries to Visit in Africa: North Africa

North Africa is a region with a rich history and culture that attracts tourists from all over the world. From the bustling souks of Morocco to the ancient pyramids of Egypt, North Africa has a lot to offer. Here are the top destinations in North Africa:

1: Morocco: A Fusion of Vibrant Culture and Exotic Landscapes

morocco g72439dec4 1280

Morocco is a fascinating country with a unique blend of Arab, Berber, and European cultures. The country’s most famous city is Marrakesh, which is known for its vibrant souks, stunning palaces, and colorful gardens. Here is what makes Morocco one of the best countries to visit in Africa:

  • Marrakesh Medina: The old part of the city that is full of narrow streets, bustling markets, and historic monuments. You can shop for souvenirs, spices, carpets, and more, and visit the Koutoubia Mosque, the Bahia Palace, and the Saadian Tombs.
Photo of Marrakech by night. The city is found in Morocco, one of the best countries to visit in Africa
  • Chefchaouen: A charming town in the Rif Mountains that is famous for its blue-washed buildings. You can wander around the picturesque alleys, enjoy the views of the mountains, and visit the Kasbah Museum and the Grand Mosque.
  • Fes: This is the oldest imperial city in Morocco and a UNESCO World Heritage site. It has one of the largest and best-preserved medieval cities in the world, with over 9000 streets and alleys. You can explore the Fes el-Bali quarter, where you can see the leather tanneries, the Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque and University, and the Nejjarine Museum of Wooden Arts and Crafts.
  • Essaouira: A coastal city that has a relaxed and bohemian vibe. It has a beautiful beach that is popular for surfing, windsurfing, and kitesurfing. It also has a fortified medina that has many art galleries, cafes, and souvenir shops. You can also visit the Skala du Port, a bastion that offers panoramic views of the sea and the city.
  • Atlas Mountains: A mountain range that stretches across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. It has many natural attractions, such as waterfalls, lakes, valleys, and gorges making Morocco one of the best countries to visit in Africa. It is also home to many Berber villages that offer a glimpse into the traditional culture and lifestyle of the locals. You can go hiking or skiing in the mountains depending on the season.

2: Egypt: The Land of the Pyramids and the Sphinx

Photo showing the pyramids in Egypt, one of the best countries to visit in Africa

Egypt is a country that needs no introduction. It deserves its spot in the best countries to visit  in Africa. It is home to some of the most iconic landmarks in the world, including the pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, and the Valley of the Kings. But Egypt is not just about ancient history. The country also has a vibrant culture and modern cities like Cairo and Alexandria. If you’re interested in diving, the Red Sea is one of the best places in the world to do so. Here are some destinations that make Egypt rank in the best countries to visit in Africa.

  • Pyramids of Giza: These are the most famous and oldest of the ancient Egyptian monuments, dating back to around 2500 BCE. They are the tombs of the pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure, and are among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. You can also see the Sphinx, a mythical creature with a human head and a lion’s body, guarding the pyramids.
  • Valley of the Kings: This is a valley on the west bank of the Nile River, where many pharaohs and nobles were buried during the New Kingdom period (1550–1069 BCE). You can see more than 60 tombs, some of which are decorated with elaborate paintings and hieroglyphs. The most famous tomb is that of Tutankhamun, which was discovered intact in 1922 by Howard Carter.
  • Cairo: This is the capital and largest city of Egypt, located on both sides of the Nile River. Cairo is a bustling and lively city that offers a variety of attractions and activities. You can visit the Egyptian Museum, which houses a collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, including the treasures of Tutankhamun. You can also explore the Islamic Cairo district, which has mosques, bazaars and citadels.
  • Alexandria: This is a coastal city on the Mediterranean Sea that was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE. Alexandria was once a center of learning and culture in the ancient world, and was home to the famous Library of Alexandria and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. You can see some remnants of its glorious past, such as the Roman Amphitheatre and the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa.
  • Red Sea: This is a sea that separates Africa from Asia and is connected to the Indian Ocean. The Red Sea is known for its clear waters and coral reefs, which host a diversity of marine life. You can go diving or snorkeling to see colorful fish, turtles, sharks and dolphins. You can also enjoy the beaches, resorts and islands along the Red Sea coast.

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3: Tunisia: The Land of the Medina and the Carthage

tunisia g774552ac9 1280

Tunisia is a small country with a lot to offer. The country’s capital, Tunis, is a mix of ancient and modern, with a beautiful medina and a modern business district. Other must-see destinations in Tunisia include the ancient city of Carthage, the Roman amphitheater in El Djem, and the stunning beaches of Hammamet.

Tunisia is also known for its delicious cuisine, which is a blend of Arab and Mediterranean flavors. Here are the top attractions in Tunisia. 

  • Tunis: This is the capital and largest city of Tunisia, located on the Mediterranean coast. Tunis is a city of contrasts, where you can see the old and the new side by side. You can visit the medina, which is the historic center of the city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can also see the Bardo Museum, which houses a collection of Roman mosaics and other artifacts.
  • Carthage: This is an ancient city that was founded by the Phoenicians in the 9th century BCE. Carthage was once a powerful and wealthy city that rivaled Rome for dominance in the Mediterranean region. You can see the ruins of its temples, palaces, baths and ports. You can also visit the Carthage National Museum, which displays objects from different periods of Carthage’s history.
  • El Djem: This is a town that is famous for its Roman amphitheater, which is one of the largest and best-preserved in the world. The amphitheater was built in the 3rd century CE and could seat up to 35,000 spectators. You can walk around the arena and see the underground chambers where gladiators and animals were kept.
  • Hammamet: This is a popular beach resort that attracts tourists from all over the world. Hammamet has a long sandy beach and a clear blue sea that are ideal for swimming and sunbathing. You can also enjoy water sports such as windsurfing, jet skiing and parasailing. You can also visit the medina of Hammamet, which has a fortress and a souk.
  • Sidi Bou Said: This is a picturesque village that is perched on a hill overlooking the sea. Sidi Bou Said is known for its white and blue houses that are decorated with flowers and wrought iron. You can stroll along its narrow streets and enjoy its cafes, art galleries and shops. You can also see the Sidi Bou Said Lighthouse, which offers panoramic views of the coast.

4: Algeria: The Land of the Sahara and the Casbah

Photo showing the streets of Algeria, one of the best countries to visit in Africa

Algeria is a country that is often overlooked by tourists, but it has a lot to offer. The country’s capital, Algiers, is a beautiful city with a rich history and culture. Other must-see destinations in Algeria include the ancient city of Timgad, the stunning landscapes of the Sahara Desert, and the beautiful beaches of the Mediterranean coast. Algeria is also known for its delicious cuisine, which is a blend of Arab, Berber, and French flavors. So what solidifies Algeria’s spot in the list of the best countries to visit in Africa?

  • Algiers: This is the capital and largest city of Algeria, located on the Mediterranean coast. Algiers is a city of contrasts, where you can see the old and the new side by side. You can visit the Casbah, which is the historic center of the city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can also see the Notre Dame d’Afrique, which is a Roman Catholic basilica that overlooks the city.
  • Timgad: This is an ancient Roman city that was founded by Emperor Trajan in 100 CE. Timgad was once a prosperous and well-planned city that had temples, baths, theaters, and libraries. You can see the ruins of its buildings and monuments, such as the Arch of Trajan and the Capitolium. You can also visit the Timgad Museum, which displays artifacts from the site.
  • Sahara Desert: This is one of the largest and most famous deserts in the world, covering most of Algeria and parts of other countries. The Sahara Desert has a diverse landscape of sand dunes, mountains, oases, and salt flats. You can see animals such as camels, foxes, and gazelles. You can also visit the M’Zab Valley, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that has five fortified towns built by the Berbers.
Photo of dunes in a desert in Algeria
  • Oran: This is a coastal city on the Mediterranean Sea that is known for its lively culture and nightlife. Oran has a French colonial influence and a cosmopolitan atmosphere. You can see the Santa Cruz Fortress, which is a 16th-century citadel that offers panoramic views of the city and the sea. You can also enjoy the beaches, restaurants and clubs of Oran.
  • Constantine: This is a city that is located on a plateau above a gorge of the Rhumel River. Constantine is known for its bridges that connect different parts of the city across the gorge. You can see the Sidi M’Cid Bridge, which is one of the highest suspension bridges in Africa. You can also visit the Emir Abdelkader Mosque, which is one of the largest mosques in Algeria.

Best Countries to Visit in Africa: Island Nations

If you’re looking for a tropical island getaway, Africa has plenty of options to choose from. Here are three island nations that are worth considering for your next vacation:

1: Madagascar: An Island of Passion

Photo of Baobabs at night in Madagascar

Madagascar is a unique destination that offers a mix of African, Asian, and European cultures. The island is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including lemurs, chameleons, and baobab trees. You can explore the national parks, relax on the beaches, or learn about the local culture in the cities. Some of the top attractions in Madagascar include:

  • Avenue of the Baobabs: A scenic road that features a row of giant baobab trees that are up to 800 years old. These majestic trees are a symbol of Madagascar and a stunning sight to behold.
  • Isalo National Park: A large park that showcases the varied landscapes of Madagascar, from sandstone formations and canyons to grasslands and palm oases. It is also a great place to see lemurs, birds, and reptiles.
  • Nosy Be Island: A popular island off the northwest coast of Madagascar that is known for its white-sand beaches, coral reefs, and turquoise waters. It is also a gateway to other nearby islands, such as Nosy Komba and Nosy Tanikely.
  • Andasibe-Mantadia National Park: A rainforest park that is home to the largest lemur in Madagascar, the indri. You can hear their loud calls echoing through the forest and spot them jumping from tree to tree. The park also has other wildlife, such as chameleons, frogs, and birds.
  • Piratenmuseum in Antananarivo: A museum that tells the fascinating story of Madagascar’s pirate history. You can see exhibits of pirate weapons, treasure maps, coins, and ships. You can also learn about the famous pirates who visited or settled in Madagascar, such as William Kidd and Thomas Tew

2: Mauritius: A Tropical Paradise in the Indian Ocean

Photo of palm trees in Mauritius Beach

Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, located off the eastern coast of Africa. It is part of the Mascarene Islands, along with Rodrigues, Agaléga and St. Brandon. The main island of Mauritius hosts the capital and largest city, Port Louis, and has a population of about 1.2 million people. Mauritius is known for its diverse culture, stunning scenery, and rich history. The top attractions in that make Mauritius one of the best countries to visit in Africa are:

  • Le Morne Brabant: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this mountain is a symbol of resistance and freedom for the slaves who escaped from the colonial plantations and hid there in the 18th and 19th centuries. It also offers spectacular views of the lagoon and the coral reef.
  • Black River Gorges National Park: The largest national park in Mauritius, covering about 2% of the island’s area. It is home to many endemic plants and animals, such as the pink pigeon, the echo parakeet, and the Mauritian flying fox. It also has hiking trails, waterfalls, and picnic areas.
  • Chamarel: A village famous for its natural attractions, such as the Seven Coloured Earths, a geological phenomenon where the soil has different hues of red, brown, violet, green, blue, purple and yellow. Chamarel also has a rum distillery, a coffee plantation, and a waterfall.
  • Grand Baie: A seaside resort town with a lively nightlife, shopping malls, restaurants, and bars. Grand Baie also has many water sports activities, such as sailing, windsurfing, parasailing, and scuba diving.
  • Port Louis: The capital and largest city of Mauritius, with a rich cultural and historical heritage. Port Louis has many attractions, such as the Caudan Waterfront, a shopping and entertainment complex; the Blue Penny Museum, which displays rare stamps and maps; the Aapravasi Ghat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that commemorates the arrival of indentured labourers from India; and the Central Market, where you can find local produce, spices, handicrafts, and street food.

3: Zanzibar: The Land of the Spices and the Stone Town

Photo of large boats in a beach in Zanzibar, Africa

Zanzibar is an archipelago off the coast of Tanzania that is known for its spice trade, historic sites, and beautiful beaches. The main island of Unguja is home to Stone Town, a UNESCO World Heritage site that is full of narrow streets, colorful buildings, and historic landmarks. You can also visit the spice plantations, go snorkeling or diving, or simply relax on the beach. Let’s explore some attractions that make Zanzibar top destination and one of the best countries to visit in Africa.

  • Stone Town: The old part of Zanzibar City that showcases the rich cultural heritage of the island. Explore the winding alleys, admire the carved doors and balconies, and visit the House of Wonders, the former palace of the sultan.
  • Jozani Forest: The only national park in Zanzibar and the last refuge of the endangered Zanzibar red colobus monkey. Walk among the lush vegetation and spot other wildlife such as bushbabies, duikers, and butterflies
  • Nungwi Beach: One of the most popular beaches in Zanzibar and a great place to enjoy the sun, sand, and sea. Swim in the turquoise water, watch the sunset, or join a boat trip to nearby islands.
  • Prison Island: A small island that was once used as a prison for rebellious slaves and later as a quarantine station for yellow fever. Now it is a nature reserve that hosts giant tortoises, peacocks, and antelopes. You can also snorkel around the coral reef or relax on the beach. 
  • Elmina Castle: A UNESCO World Heritage site that was built by the Portuguese in 1482 and later used by the Dutch and British as a slave trading post. Learn about the dark history of the slave trade and see the dungeons, cannons, and chapel.

Overall, these three island nations offer a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and adventure. Whether you’re looking for a romantic getaway or a family vacation, you’re sure to find something to suit your interests in Madagascar, Mauritius, or Zanzibar.

Best Countries to Visit in Africa: West Africa

West Africa is known for its rich and diverse culture, history and natural resources. Here are the top attractions in Ghana.  

1: Ghana: The Land of the Gold Coast and the Ashanti

Photo of the cape coast beach in Ghana. Ghana is in West Africa and is one of the best countries to visit in Africa

Ghana is a country that will captivate you with its friendly people, rich culture, and a plethora of attractions that showcase its historical legacy and natural wonders. Whether you want to explore the dark history of the slave trade, marvel at the biodiversity of the rainforest, or enjoy the vibrant city life, Ghana has a lot to offer. This is what makes Ghana one of the best countries to visit in Africa.

  • Cape Coast Castle: A UNESCO World Heritage site that was one of the main hubs of the transatlantic slave trade. Learn about the harrowing stories of the enslaved Africans who passed through its dungeons and see the Door of No Return1.
  • Kakum National Park: A rainforest reserve that features a thrilling canopy walkway that offers panoramic views of the lush greenery and wildlife. Spot monkeys, birds, butterflies, and more as you walk among the treetops.
  • Mole National Park: Ghana’s largest wildlife reserve that is home to elephants, antelopes, warthogs, baboons, and more. Enjoy a guided safari on foot or by car and get close to these amazing animals1
  • Accra City: The bustling capital of Ghana that has a vibrant mix of markets, museums, nightlife, and cuisine. Visit the National Museum to learn about Ghana’s history and culture, shop for souvenirs at the Makola Market, dance to live music at the Labadi Beach, and taste local dishes like jollof rice and kelewele1.
  • Ghanaian Cuisine: A diverse and delicious cuisine that reflects Ghana’s ethnic and regional diversity. Try local dishes like jollof rice (spicy rice with meat or vegetables), kelewele (fried plantains with spices), waakye (rice and beans), fufu (pounded cassava and plantain), banku (fermented corn and cassava dough), and groundnut soup (peanut-based soup with meat or fish)
  • Festivals: A colorful and lively way to experience Ghana’s culture and traditions. Join in the celebrations of festivals like Akwasidae (a royal festival of the Ashanti people), Homowo (a harvest festival of the Ga people), Damba (a festival of the Dagomba people), Hogbetsotso (a festival of the Anlo-Ewe people), and Chale Wote (a street art festival in Accra)

2: Senegal: The Land of the Teranga and the Baobab

Photo of a big mosque by the shore in Senegal. This is among the best countries to visit in Africa

Senegal is a country located in West Africa that offers a unique blend of French and African cultures. It’s home to the vibrant city of Dakar, which is known for its colorful markets, lively music scene, and stunning architecture. Senegal is also home to several UNESCO World Heritage sites, including Goree Island, which was a key center for the transatlantic slave trade, and the Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary, which is home to over 1.5 million birds.

So what makes Senegal one of the best countries to visit in Africa?

  • Dakar: This is the capital and largest city of Senegal, located on the Atlantic coast. Dakar is a city of contrasts, where you can see the modern and the traditional side by side. You can visit the African Renaissance Monument, which is a 49-meter tall bronze statue that symbolizes the rebirth of Africa. You can also see the Grand Mosque of Dakar, which is one of the largest mosques in West Africa.
  • Goree Island: This is a small island off the coast of Dakar that was a major hub for the slave trade from the 15th to the 19th century. You can see the House of Slaves, which is a museum that shows the conditions and history of the enslaved Africans. You can also see the Door of No Return, which was the last exit point for the slaves before they were shipped across the Atlantic.
  • Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary: This is a wetland reserve that covers an area of 16,000 hectares and hosts over 1.5 million birds. You can see species such as pelicans, flamingos, herons and storks. You can also see animals such as crocodiles, monkeys and warthogs. You can explore the sanctuary by boat or by foot.
  • Saint-Louis: This is a coastal city on the Senegal River that was founded by French colonists in 1659. Saint-Louis was once the capital of French West Africa and has a colonial charm and elegance. You can see the Faidherbe Bridge, which is a metal bridge that connects the island city to the mainland. You can also visit the Saint-Louis Jazz Festival, which is an annual event that attracts musicians from around the world.
  • Saloum Delta National Park: This is a national park that covers an area of 76,000 hectares and consists of mangroves, islands and lagoons. You can see a variety of wildlife, such as dolphins, turtles, manatees and hyenas. You can also see the shell mounds, which are ancient burial sites made of millions of shells.

What Is the Best Time to Visit Africa

It is important to choose the right time of year for your trip to Africa. The best time to visit Africa depends on what you want to see and do, as well as the weather conditions in different regions. Here are some general guidelines to help you plan your trip:

East Africa

If you are planning a trip to East Africa, the best time to visit is during the dry season, which runs from June to October. During this time, the animals are easier to spot because they gather around water sources, and the weather is generally sunny and dry. However, keep in mind that this is also peak tourist season, so you’ll need to book your accommodations and activities well in advance.

Southern Africa

The best time to visit Southern Africa depends on what you want to do. If you want to go on a safari, the dry season from May to October is the best time to visit. This is when the animals are most active and the vegetation is less dense, making it easier to spot wildlife. If you’re interested in whale watching, the best time to visit is from June to November, when the whales migrate along the coast.

West Africa

West Africa has a tropical climate with two main seasons: the dry season from November to April and the rainy season from May to October. The best time to visit West Africa is during the dry season, when the weather is cooler and drier. This is also the best time to go on a safari or visit the beaches.

North Africa

North Africa has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild winters. The best time to visit North Africa is during the spring (March to May) or fall (September to November), when the weather is mild and pleasant. This is also a good time to visit the historic sites and cultural attractions.

The Best Countries to Visit in Africa in a Nutshell

To sum it up, Africa truly stands out as a continent that encompasses the best countries to visit in Africa, offering an array of diverse and captivating destinations for travelers. From the iconic reserves and stunning beaches of Eastern Africa to the wildlife experiences and breathtaking landscapes of Southern Africa, each region presents its own unique charm and allure.

Moreover, Western Africa proudly showcases its rich cultural heritage, while Northern Africa entices with its ancient landmarks and mesmerizing landscapes. Whether you seek to explore historical sites, embark on thrilling safaris, or immerse yourself in vibrant city experiences, Africa encompasses an abundance of choices for you to enjoy.

Answering Your Common Questions About the Best Countries to Visit in Africa

In this section, we will address some frequently asked questions about the best countries to visit in Africa, providing you with valuable insights to help plan your African adventure.

Q1: Which regions of Africa offer the most diverse and captivating experiences?

A: Africa is a continent of immense diversity, but if you’re seeking a wide range of experiences, both Southern and Eastern Africa are excellent choices. Southern Africa offers incredible wildlife encounters, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant cities. Eastern Africa, on the other hand, is renowned for its stunning natural wonders, such as the Serengeti, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the pristine beaches of Zanzibar.

Q2: Are there any countries in Western Africa that are worth visiting for their cultural heritage?

A: Absolutely! Western Africa boasts a rich cultural heritage waiting to be explored. Countries like Ghana and Senegal are known for their historical sites and vibrant traditions. Visit Ghana’s Cape Coast Castle, a poignant reminder of the transatlantic slave trade, or explore the vibrant markets and music scene in Senegal.

Q3: What are some must-visit ancient landmarks in Northern Africa?

A: Northern Africa is a treasure trove of ancient landmarks. Egypt, in particular, is famous for its awe-inspiring pyramids of Giza, the temples of Luxor and Karnak, and the captivating history of ancient Egypt. Morocco is also among the best countries to visit in Africa, thanks to its vibrant city of Marrakech and well-preserved medina of Fez, offering a glimpse into the region’s rich historical and cultural heritage.

Q4: Which African countries are known for their outstanding wildlife and safari experiences?

A: When it comes to wildlife and safari experiences, countries in Eastern and Southern Africa steal the spotlight. Kenya’s Maasai Mara Reserve, Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park, and South Africa’s Kruger National Park are renowned for their abundant wildlife and thrilling game drives. Botswana’s Okavango Delta and Namibia’s Etosha National Park are also exceptional destinations for wildlife enthusiasts.

Q5: Are there any countries that offer a mix of diverse landscapes, cultural experiences, and vibrant cities?

A: Absolutely! South Africa stands out as a country that offers a perfect blend of diverse landscapes, rich cultural experiences, and vibrant cities. From the stunning coastlines of Cape Town to the wildlife-rich Kruger National Park, and the cosmopolitan energy of Johannesburg, South Africa truly has it all. For this reason, South Africa ranks as one of the best countries to visit in Africa

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